We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common de- fence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Bless- ings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America. Article I Section 1: Congress All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives. Section 2: The House of Representatives The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Quali cations requisite for Electors of the most nu - merous Branch of the State Legislature. No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty ve Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen. Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the rst Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut ve, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina ve, South Carolina ve, and Georgia three. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to ll such Vacancies. The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speak - er and other Of cers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. Section 3: The Senate The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote. Immediately after they shall be assembled in Con- sequence of the rst Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the rst Class shall be vacated at the Expira - tion of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expira- tion of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expi- ration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; and if Vacancies happen by Resigna- tion, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then ll such Vacancies. No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have at- tained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen. The Vice President of the United States shall be Presi- dent of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided. The Senate shall chuse their other Of cers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice Presi- dent, or when he shall exercise the Of ce of President of the United States. The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Im- peachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Af rmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present. Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Of ce, and disquali cation to hold and enjoy any Of ce of honor, Trust or Pro t un - der the United States: but the Party convicted shall nev- ertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judg- ment and Punishment, according to Law. Section 4: Elections The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Places of chusing Senators. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the rst Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day. Section 5: Powers and Duties of Congress Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Re- turns and Quali cations of its own Members, and a Ma - jority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller Number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide. Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceed- ings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two thirds, expel a Member. Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fth of those Present, be entered on the Journal. Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting. Section 6: Rights and Disabilities of Members The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Com- pensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States. They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Atten- dance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place. No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Of- ce under the Authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any Of ce under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Of ce. Section 7: Legislative Process All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills. Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Rep- resentatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Recon- sideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be recon - sidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respec- tively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President The Constitution of the United States of America T he following pages contain the Constitution of the Unit- ed States, which is considered the supreme law of the land. It was created in 1787. The Constitution is being published with the support of the sponsors listed on the back page. Since 1789, the Constitution has been amended 27 times. In general, the first 10 amendments, known collectively as the Bill of Rights, offer specific protections of individual lib- erty and justice and place restrictions on the powers of government. The majority of the 17 later amendments expand individual civil rights protections. According to the United States Senate: “The Constitu- tion’s first three words – We the People – affirm that the government of the United States exists to serve its citizens.” H 1